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Science and Technology of France

French Architects
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Jean de Chelles (13th century)

Notre Dame de Paris

Pierre de Montreuil (c.1200-1266)

Notre Dame de Paris

the Abbey of Saint-Germain-des-prés

Saint-Denis

Jacques I Androuet du Cerceau (c. 1510-c. 1585)

Important book of architectural engravings.

Philibert Delorme (or De L’Orme) (1510/1515-1570)

Château d’Anet (c.1550) – for Diane de Poitiers

Tuileries Palace (1564-1567)

Pierre Lescot (1515-1578)

Hôtel Carnavalet (c.1545)

Louvre (1546) – for François I and Henri II

Fontaine des Innocents (1550) – carved by Jean Goujon

Baptiste Androuet du Cerceau (c. 1545-1590)

Pont Neuf (1599) – for Henri IV

Jacques II Androuet du Cerceau (c. 1550-1614)

Galerie du Louvre

Pavillon de Flore (Tuileries)

Salomon de Brosse (1575-1626)

Luxembourg Palace (1615) – for Marie de Medici

St. Gervais church (facade) (1616)

Blérancourt

Palais de Justice in Rennes (1618)

Jean Androuet du Cerceau (1585-1649)

Hôtel de Sully (1624-1629)

Jacques Lemercier (1585-1654) – active for Richelieu

Palais-Royal (1632) – for Richelieu

The city of Richelieu (from 1631)

La Sorbonne church (1635) – for Richelieu

Pavillon de l’Horloge (Louvre)

St. Roch church

Val-de-Grâce church (1667) – responsible for the construction

François Mansart (1598-1666)

Château de Blois (1635-8)

Val-de-Grâce (plans) – for Anne d’Autriche (Anne of Austria)

Château de Maisons (1642-1646)

Hôtel Guénégaud (1648-51)

Hôtel Carnavalet (1655) - remodel

Hôtel d’Aumont - remodel after Louis Le Vau

Louis Le Vau (1612-1670)

Apollo wing of the Louvre

Hôtel Lambert (1640)

Vaux-le-Vicomte (1656) – for Nicolas Fouquet; this was to be the prototype of the palace of Versailles

Hôtel de Lauzun (1657)

Château de Vincennes (1659) – for Mazarin

Palace of Versailles – reconstruction, on the model of his Vaux-le-Vicomte, as a place of fêtes

St. Louis-en-l’île church (on the Ile Saint-Louis) (1664) - plans

Institut de France – for Mazarin

Claude Perrault (1613-1688) – responsible for establishing French classicism

Colonnade of the Louvre (1667-1673)

Observatoire de Paris – plans

Libéral Bruant (c.1636-1697)

Hôtel de la Salpêtrière (1660-1677)

Les Invalides (1671-76)

Jules Hardouin Mansart (Jules Hardouin; he adopted the name Mansart in 1668) (1646-1708) – responsible for the massive expansion of the palace of Versailles into a permanent royal residence.

Palace of Versailles (from 1678) - Royal Stables, Orangerie, Grand Trainon, Chapel

Palace of Saint-Cloud – for the Philip I, Duke of Orléans

Château of Marly

Domed chapel of Les Invalides

Place des Victoires

Place Vendôme

Château de Meudon

Robert de Cotte (1656-1735) - brother in law of J.H. Mansart, whom he assisted on numerous projects

Esplanade of Les Invalides

Jacques Ange Gabriel (1698-1782) – responsible for rococo constructions at Versailles

Palace of Versailles (1735-1777) - Apartment of the king, Versailles Opera, Library, Petit Trianon (1762-1764)

Place de la Concorde (Place Louis XV)

Ecole Militaire (1751-1775)

Jacques-Germain Soufflot (1713-1780)

The Panthéon (called the Eglise Sainte Geneviève) (1756-1780)

Claude Nicolas Ledoux (1736-1806) – famous for his mathematical neoclassicism.

Farmers General Wall (1784-1791) – visible at the Place de la Nation and Denfert-Rochereau

Hôtel d’Hallwyl (remodel)

                Les Salines Royales (Arc-et-Senans)

French II 4th Period Danielle Montalvo